The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was reintroduced in the House of Representatives on July 21, 2009, as H.J.Res. 61. Lead sponsors are Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) and Congresswoman Judy Biggert (R-IL).
The ERA is a constitutional amendment, which would prohibit denying or abridging equal rights under law by the United States or any state on account of sex.
Thirty-five of the necessary 38 states have ratified the ERA. When three more states vote yes, the ERA might become the 28th Amendment. A “three-state strategy” will be used for ratification.
The three-state strategy is based on the legal analysis in “The Equal Rights Amendment: Why the ERA Remains Legally Viable and Properly Before the States,” by Allison Held, Sheryl Herndon, and Danielle Stager, published in the Spring 1997 issue of William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law.
This strategy is based on the “Madison Amendment,” concerning Congressional pay raises that became the 27th Amendment to the Constitution in 1992, after a ratification period of 203 years! Therefore, the ERA’s ratification period of less than three decades should meet the standards required by several Supreme Court decisions. If the “Madison Amendment” made it through after 203 years then the ERA should not have a problem. Your Thoughts?
The thirty-five states that have ratified the amendment are Alaska, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
The unratified states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, and Virginia.
We are three states shy of the thirty-eight ratifications necessary for inclusion in the Constitution.
How can you help? If you live in, or are particularly interested in, one (or more) of the following not-yet ratified states, contact the state’s ERA leader or organization for guidance as to how best to help their ongoing campaign to achieve their state’s ratification of the ERA.